Proxy Based Seamless Connection Management Scheme for Smart Transportation Service

Title : Proxy Based Seamless Connection Management Scheme for Smart Transportation Service
Journal : Wireless Personal Communications
Authors : HwaMin Lee, Daeyong Jung, DaeWon Lee
Corresponding author : DaeWon Lee
DOI : https://doi.org/10.1007/s11277-015-3134-3

Abstract
Nowadays, complex IoT devices are developed that support smart transportation service, medical alarm service, and smart surveillance camera which require communication to the computation server. Most of IoT devices communicate to their servers on fixed network through wireless channel. In this paper, we are focused on smart transportation service that is one of bus, train, airplane or ship that takes embedded IoT devices and passengers using IoT devices. Embedded IoT devices are communicated with embedded access router (AR) on transportation by Bluetooth/Z-wave/NFC, and passengers’ IoT devices are communicated with their own egg/AR on fixed network, or public AR on transportation. Transportation environment has a major problem that mobile node moves fast through multiple cells. Each IoT device in transportation keeps updating its current point of attachment to its home agent and corresponding node. To overcome this problem we consider feature of transportation. It has two major features. The one is mobile device has fast mobility by transportation. The other one is mobile device moves fixed route. It causes mobile device has intra mobility between several subnets of one agency when it moves into a subway or highway. Based on two features, we design proxy based architecture and extend router advertisement message to alert join in proxy domain. Then, we are classified the mobility into intra proxy mobility and global mobility. And we proposed proxy based mobility management scheme using prediction algorithm. By numerical analysis, we shows proposed scheme reduces signaling overheads and increase packet transfer rate than NEMO and proxy MIP.

Acknowledgments
This research was supported by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (MSIP), Korea, under the Information Technology Research Center (ITRC) support program (IITP-2015-R0992-15-1006) supervised by the Institute for Information & communications Technology Promotion (IITP) and the Soonchunhyang University Research Fund.